The dictionary definition of “to mitigate” is to lessen in force or intensity, to make less severe. Mitigation is the act of reducing how harmful, unpleasant or bad something is. It is something that causes the court to judge a crime to be less serious or to make a punishment less severe.
There are obvious mitigating factors that most people know about. These include factors such as an early guilty plea or not having any previous convictions.
R v Sanyaki
A recent case at the Court of Appeal highlighted a mitigating factor that some may not have considered.
Sanyaki was a student nurse. Over a four-month period she photographed the front and back of credit cards belonging to other students. She then used the details to pay for goods and services totalling around £7,000. She pleaded guilty to fraud and also the theft of a driving licence and credit card belonging to a student.
The student appealed against the ten-month period of detention that was imposed. She was 18 at the time of the offending in her first year of an adult nursing course. She was asked to leave university when the offences came to light. However, she found a job as a full-time care assistant. She was 20 at the time of sentence and of previous good character.
The sentencing judge took the view that the sentence could not be suspended as it was a prolonged course of conduct, stealing the details of a variety of different people.
The approach of the Court of Appeal
The Court of Appeal is slow to interfere with an exercise of judgement as to whether or not to suspend a sentence where all relevant considerations have been taken into account.
The Court will only interfere if the decision was plainly wrong in principle or results in a sentence which is manifestly excessive.
What happened in this case?
In this case it was found that the judge did not weigh all the relevant considerations in considering whether to suspend the sentence. The Court of Appeal considered that the sentence should have been suspended.
They stated that students who do this kind of thing can expect no concessions from the court. However, the effect of a conviction on future careers, particularly those of previous good character and where the offences were committed when they were young, is a piece of personal mitigation that cannot be overlooked.
The fact that she was a student, therefore, was a mitigating factor. The Court considered the impact that the sentence was going to have on her career, although she would not be able to continue her nursing course and her job as a care assistant.
Sanyaki’s appeal was successful, and her sentence was suspended, and she was to complete unpaid work hours.
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