Focus On Forensics
Forensic evidence has dominated some of the news agenda this week, with outrage over the interrogation of complainant’s phones in sexual offences and other cases.
What is happening?
Predictably, there have been suggestions that the entire contents of a complainant’s phone will simply be handed over to defendants, and that they can then be questioned about anything and everything they have ever done. This ignores the rules that exist to make sure that only relevant material is disclosed, and prevent unnecessary and inappropriate questioning in court.
In reality of course, if a police officer is to investigate a criminal offence fairly, the interrogation of phones, computers and other devices may well be necessary. This is despite the potential for intrusion into a person’s privacy.
It is our job as criminal defence lawyers to ensure that the police do their job. This includes following all proper lines of enquiry, and ensuring that all evidence that ought to be disclosed to us is revealed.
Miscarriages of justice
If you look at the significant miscarriage of justice cases over the last 50 years, the most critical failing appears to be a lack of proper disclosure of evidence. In some cases, the evidence is neglected, in others actually destroyed or deliberately suppressed. There have been a number of high-profile cases in recent months where evidence on a complainant’s phone painted a completely different picture to their evidence, and quite rightly resulted in acquittals.
Forensic science providers
The second big story this week was a report from the Lords Science and Technology Committee examining the work of forensic science providers in the criminal justice system. Here are some of the findings:
“The instability of the forensic science market is a serious risk to the criminal justice system.”
“A free society is dependent on the rule of law which in turn relies on equality of access to justice. The evidence we received points to failings in the use of forensic science in the criminal justice system and these can be attributed to an absence of high-level leadership, a lack of funding and an insufficient level of research and development. Throughout this inquiry, we heard about the decline in forensic science in England and Wales, especially since the abolition of the Forensic Science Service.”
“Cuts to legal aid have affected the ability of defendants to access forensic expertise. We recommend that the Legal Aid Agency liaise with the market-regulation arm within the expanded role of the Forensic Science Regulator to set new pricing schemes, properly funded by the Ministry of Justice, for forensic testing and expert advice for defendants.”
Regrettably, none of these findings causes us the least bit of surprise. We are acutely aware of the deficiencies in the current system. As defence lawyers, we work proactively to ensure that all work is carried out swiftly and to the required standard. Only by being fully aware of the weaknesses in the system can we ensure that our clients’ cases are appropriately presented.
How we can assist
If you need specialist advice, then get in touch with John Howey on 020 7388 1658 or email firstname.lastname@example.org and let us help. We have the necessary skills and experience to assist you with any criminal investigation or prosecution.
Please note that the information contained in this article was correct at the time of writing. There may have been updates to the law since the article was written, which may affect the information and advice given therein.